On this map
you can find some of the places that were very
important for the East India Company at different times.
the names of the places for more information.
city of England. This is where the Company had its docks and offices.
East India Company voyages from Europe mostly started from here.
Here you can see the offices of the East India Company from 1711.
(also called Holland) had its own East India Company called the VOC, which
started two years after the English one.
Portugal was trading
in the East, especially in the Spice Islands, before England was. In the
East, the two countries often fought each other for trade.
This is a tiny island
in the Atlantic Ocean. Lots of East India Company ships used to stop here
to restock and let the crew rest.
of Good Hope
This is a
dangerous area of sea where lots of ships were wrecked because there
were so many storms. The place called "Table Bay" is now known as
Cape Town. Here you can see lots of European Ships on a calm day.
The East India Company
bought coffee from Mokha. This led to the beginning of coffee-houses in
London and all over Europe. Later on, tea from China and India became
more popular. Which is more popular now?
English East India Company factory in India was here at Surat. It
could only be opened once the Mughal Emperor Jahangir gave his permission.
The picture, drawn by a Dutchman, shows ships at the port of the
now call it Mumbai, this city used to be called Bombay. You can
find out all about the history of this city in another part of this
website. Many East India Company ships were built here. The picture
shows English East Indiamen (ships) in the harbour. You can see
the English factory in the centre.
an English factory at Madras after the one at Surat was set up.
In those days it was just a small village called Madraspatnam, but
it soon became a large town because of the trade. Since 1997 it
has been called Chennai. The picture shows Fort St George at Madras
in the 1700's
By 1715, this
was the only port in China that foreign ships could trade at. Europeans
were only allowed to trade at the factories. They were not allowed
to enter the city at all. Here you can see the European factories
Achin is on
the Northern tip of the island called Sumatra. It was the first
place that the East India Company sent a ship to buy pepper. It
was ruled by a Sultan who was a Muslim. The first English crew were
entertained with a gamelan (a group of musical instruments), like
the one shown here.
the island of Java, had a huge marketplace where traders came from
all over the world to exchange goods (including Chinese merchants
in their ships called 'junks'). Bantam had a king, and this illustration
shows the king's ambassador to London in 1682.
very small islands in the Banda Sea which were very hard to get
to. They are so small, in fact, that you cannot see them on this
map. They were famous for their nutmeg and cloves, which were very
plentiful there, but extremely rare and expensive in England. Each
island was ruled by a different ruler and the English, Dutch and
Portuguese fought over who could trade with them.
Trading Places Map
the information in the rest of the site, see if
you can work out what route East India Company ships
took between London and India, or Bantam. Why do
you think they took such a roundabout route?